I was loitering in Korgaon in northern Goa when I descried the village barber Apa Korgaonkar in action. Armed with my wide angle 14 mm lens, I decided to go head-to-head with Apa’s weapons.

For 15 minutes I watched the proceedings, with my lens barely 8″ or so away.

Village barber Apa Korgaonkar in Korgaon, Goa<br>5D Mark II, 14L II

Village barber Apa Korgaonkar in Korgaon, Goa
5D Mark II, 14L II

Village barber Apa Korgaonkar in Korgaon, Goa<br>5D Mark II, 14L II

Village barber Apa Korgaonkar in Korgaon, Goa
5D Mark II, 14L II

Village barber Apa Korgaonkar in Korgaon, Goa<br>5D Mark II, 14L II

Village barber Apa Korgaonkar in Korgaon, Goa
5D Mark II, 14L II

  • […] had a close shave with the barber of Korgaon sometime ago. Today we meet Suresh Hiroji, the tailor of Korgaon, an enchanting village in north […]ReplyCancel

  • Arun - December 3, 2009 - 10:47 pm

    Very nice use of a wide-angle!ReplyCancel

  • Roland - December 2, 2009 - 9:26 am

    What about the gratis ‘maleesh’ that ended the haircut and shave that was a Bombay speciality? Do they do it in Goa too?ReplyCancel

  • vnm - December 2, 2009 - 6:53 am

    Are traditional barbers in Goa medicine-men as well?ReplyCancel

  • Sanjeev - December 2, 2009 - 6:03 am

    paisa vasool !
    # 1 is # 1ReplyCancel

The apposite positioning of the sun at this time of the year vis-à-vis the cemetery cross in the village of Saligao, Goa, made possible the following composition. In early November, a lingering tropical depression over the Arabian Sea thwarted me for almost 2 weeks. Once the skies cleared, I staked out the location – the edge of a sloughy field – for a number of days and managed to score varied interpretations of the setting, some of which I shall post by and by.

Note: Intruding power lines have been cloned out in Photoshop.

Sunset in Saligao, Goa<br>5D Mark II, 300L f/4

Sunset in Saligao, Goa
5D Mark II, 300L f/4

Sunset in Saligao, Goa<br>5D Mark II, 70-200L f/2.8 IS

Sunset in Saligao, Goa
5D Mark II, 70-200L f/2.8 IS

  • Jaspal Singh - March 29, 2012 - 11:33 pm

    Amazing pics…Goa is truly an amazing place…ReplyCancel

  • Vikram F - December 22, 2010 - 7:49 pm

    great detail!ReplyCancel

  • […] back I posted photographs of the cemetery cross in the Goan village of Saligao framed against the setting sun. As mentioned there, I had to stake out the location for a number of days before I scored that […]ReplyCancel

  • Michael Ali - December 13, 2009 - 6:44 am

    Wonderful pictures. Keep up the good work, Rajan.

    Warm regardsReplyCancel

  • Sabbas Rufus Alphonso - December 6, 2009 - 3:45 am

    hey Rajan,this is Sabbas from parra towers parra.really amazing shot that uv got.you n me have something in common as i to like photographing sunsets.e-mail me ur cell no as at d moment am in brazil.kp in touchReplyCancel

  • Rocky Fernandes - December 5, 2009 - 11:49 pm

    You are doing wonderful job for us Goans. YOur photography is excellent and bring us closer to real life peace.

    Mr. Rajan, if you have time, kindly visit Nuem, Cabo de Rama, for giving us more pictures of our beautiful GOA.ReplyCancel

  • Isabella Rebello-Hamm - December 1, 2009 - 3:09 am

    Ah, my home, my beautiful home!

  • Mabel Santos - November 30, 2009 - 2:54 pm

    Thank you Rajan, for this outstandingly beautiful photograph. Would you consider doing something just as exquisite for my village church: St.Anne’s in Parra, Bardez. Even better, you could do a book on ‘Churches and Scenes of Goa.’ I would be the first to buy it after seeing this excellent photograph of Saligao church. Mabel SantosReplyCancel

  • Joel - November 30, 2009 - 5:14 am

    Lucky are those who have left ahead of us, and live eternally in such wondrous surroundings, quite undisturbed… at least until another one like them arrives to share their company.ReplyCancel

  • Con - November 30, 2009 - 2:50 am

    Thank you Rajan…….you potray my birthplace village
    as I have never seen before.
    A masterpiece…….

  • Xanno Moidecar - November 29, 2009 - 3:10 pm

    Beautiful. Just beautiful. And very clever.

    Can’t wait for the Moira Church to be so graced.

    Xanno MoidecarReplyCancel

  • JoeGoaUk - November 29, 2009 - 1:54 pm

    Very beautiful

  • Felix Fernandes - November 29, 2009 - 1:08 pm

    Beautifully captured on film. Congrats, and thanks.ReplyCancel

  • Arun - November 29, 2009 - 10:14 am

    Great work!

    I prefer the second composition; not sure why. It has more depth and is more “dynamic”. I speculate that the line of coconut treetops starting with the very tall one, and the fence form a pair of converging lines drawing the eye in to center of interest. Pace Sanjeev, I would not go for more contrast.ReplyCancel

  • jc - November 29, 2009 - 9:25 am

    I prefer the second picture, possibly because it has more foliage in it.

    But …a nice photograph. Needless to say ….you waited for the parallax.ReplyCancel

  • Sanjeev - November 29, 2009 - 9:17 am

    picture perfect !
    I would go for more contrast even if it means sacrificing details in the foliage area.ReplyCancel

The charming Panjim Inn in the Fontainhas quarter of Panjim, partially illuminated by the soft light of the rising sun, stands refulgent amid the swamp of RCC* atrocities now racking our once-beautiful city.

* RCC = Reinforced Cement Concrete

Panjim Inn in Fontainhas, Panjim, Goa

Panjim Inn in Fontainhas, Panjim
5D Mark II, TS-E 17L

  • Tony de Sa - November 21, 2009 - 6:22 am

    Superb clarity!ReplyCancel

  • Ana Maria Goswami - November 20, 2009 - 6:37 pm

    Excellant photography and what wonderful colour!ReplyCancel

  • Arun - November 20, 2009 - 6:16 pm

    What colors!ReplyCancel

I have fond memories of childhood summer days slaked by the mere sight of the Codd soda bottle – named after its British inventor Hiram Codd. In Goa we knew it as “Guddechi baatli” and possession of the embedded “goddo” (the glass marble) gave many a young brat not inconsiderable bragging rights.

Today the Codd bottle is on the verge of retirement. Khandelwal Glass Works in India and another company in Japan are believed to be the last two surviving manufacturers of this relic.

Sightings of the Codd bottle have now become scarce in Panjim. I managed to wangle a sample from the Mohan Cold Drink House in Cortin. However, the traditional wooden opener was not to be found. You may remember the ‘experts’ in the art of opening this bottle – they could lengthen the duration of the hiss by controlling the pressure on the marble as it dislodged.

For a historical perspective on soda bottles, see this.

Codd soda factory in Panjim, Goa<br>5D Mark II, 24-105L

Codd soda factory in Panjim, Goa
5D Mark II, 24-105L

Codd soda machine in Panjim, Goa<br>5D Mark II, 24-105L

Codd soda machine in Panjim, Goa
5D Mark II, 24-105L

Codd soda bottle<br>5D Mark II, 85L II

Codd soda bottle
5D Mark II, 85L II

Wide angle view of the Codd bottle<br>5D Mark II, 14L II

Wide angle view of the Codd bottle
5D Mark II, 14L II

  • João - July 19, 2017 - 6:11 am

    Is this bottle of Soda still Portuguese?
    Previous to 1961?ReplyCancel

  • Goli Soda Bottle Manufacturer - March 8, 2017 - 1:11 pm

    thank u for sharing information about codd neck bottle.Actually Khandelwal Glass Works provide complete solution in helping you set up the Victory Codd bottle and the filling unit.ReplyCancel

  • Abhimanyu Prakash - December 17, 2014 - 9:32 am

    We are the Soul Manufacturer & Exporter for the Codd Soda Empty Glass Bottles in the world situated in Firozabad near Agra.

    We look forward to fulfill all requirements for the same and join hands to promote this Authentic taste of delicacy Drink to the world.

    Please feel free to contact us for any related queries.ReplyCancel

    • Nagarjuna - December 29, 2016 - 8:50 am

      I’m looking for codd bottle filling machine. Can you provide some infoReplyCancel

    • Holzer Josef - September 4, 2015 - 7:58 am

      Good day!
      We are a small company in Italy and provide soft drinks and liqueurs.
      I want to buy from them “Codd bottles”. For the beginning and only to try, just a small amount. Maybe ca 100 pieces.
      The bottles should be as small as possible. 4 oz would be ideal. But no more than 6 oz.
      In addition, we are interested in the “Three Codd bottles filling machine”. (The Blue Machine from the youtube video)
      Make an offer, please. All together and also separately for bottles and machine. Including shipping.

      best regards
      Holzer Josef
      Alpen High SeppilaReplyCancel

    • paul costigan - June 6, 2015 - 1:11 pm

      do you have access to old manual codd bottling machines,thankyouReplyCancel

  • Prateek Goyal - November 26, 2014 - 10:21 am

    We have started the production for Codd Soda Empty Glass bottle in a full fledged manner. Please, free to contact us who ever want the same.ReplyCancel

  • Aniket - May 7, 2014 - 9:13 pm

    Is there any place in Goa which still serves this? I want to do a full installation of this in a project.ReplyCancel

    • Martin - August 4, 2014 - 10:20 pm

      Hi Aniket,

      Have you got more Infos about these codd bottles? Where are you from? I am into a Project concerning codd bottles. maybe we can get in contact. Greeting from Austria, MartinReplyCancel

  • Anil Raghavan - December 5, 2009 - 1:00 pm

    You have some awesome photos of people going about their daily lives. And the church photo with the sunset in the background .. wow!ReplyCancel

  • vnm - November 19, 2009 - 6:35 am

    I am reminded of my misspent youth – guzzling kOli soda (kOli in Tamil = marble in English). Once, my father took me along to Madurai and the trip highlights included a bottle of the famed Madurai MAppiLLai Vinayakar kOli soda. I assumed the company no longer exists. However, see,


    p.s. As late as in the 80’s kOli soda used to be served as refreshment during Carnatic music concerts – on stage (for the accompanists, usually – no vocalist would dare to drink this stuff during the concert). It was common practice in small budget sabhas and in temple concerts.ReplyCancel

  • Vivian A. D'Souza - November 19, 2009 - 6:24 am

    Nostalgia indeed. I have saved a bottle in my small collection of antiques. I dont know how old the bottle is, but it evokes
    pleasant memories of by-gone days.ReplyCancel

The walls in the vestibule of the Institute Menezes Braganza building in the heart of Panjim (capital city of Goa) are decorated with exquisite Azulejos. The scenes depicted are taken from the poem Os Lusíadas by the Portuguese poet Luís Vaz de Camões. For more on Azulejos, see this.

Photographing the Azulejos in Panjim presents two challenges. One is the lighting – the only opening for natural light is through the main door in a direction parallel to the walls, and this results in highly uneven illumination across their length. The interior lighting is not helpful, since it consists of a tubelight which does nothing more than reflect blobs of specular highlights from the walls. Without an elaborate secondary lighting set-up, the only recourse is to correct for and balance the illumination in post-processing.

The second difficulty is the narrow width of the passageway itself, which leaves little room for backing out. A standard ultra-wide angle lens will take in the entire scene but render the vertical lines convergent. This issue was presently addressed through the use of the magnificent TS-E 17L lens.

A quick rendering of a couple of Azulejos is presented below. As can be expected from the asymmetrical illumination, the tonal and colour balance show variation across the two frames as well as within each frame.

Azulejo at Institute Menezes Braganza building in Panjim, Goa

Azulejo at Institute Menezes Braganza building in Panjim, Goa
5D Mark II, TS-E 17L

Azulejo at Institute Menezes Braganza building

Azulejo at Institute Menezes Braganza building
5D Mark II, TS-E 17L

Old building housing the Institute Menezes Braganza<br>5D Mark II, TS-E 17L

Old building housing the Institute Menezes Braganza
5D Mark II, TS-E 17L


This lady – she said she was from the village of Uccasaim – hovered in the background and after I was done shooting, insisted that I take her portrait.

Maria Fernandes, outside the Institute Menezes Braganza building<br>5D Mark II, 24-105L

Maria Fernandes, outside the Institute Menezes Braganza building
5D Mark II, 24-105L

  • Ashok Lobo - May 22, 2016 - 2:35 pm

    Mr Rajan Parrikar, your work is truly spectacular. You are recording history in Goa that is fast vanishing. May you have all the resources to continue this excellent work. Rock on. Wow. Truly spectacular pictures Best wishes Ashok LoboReplyCancel

  • […] the azulejos. 'Tea Café' in Fontainhas5D Mark II, Zeiss ZE 50 f/2 MP […]ReplyCancel

  • venantius j pinto - January 26, 2010 - 3:24 pm

    You just may have captured something serial about Goan pathos. I think she represents more than herself. I wish she had looked straight at you—into the lens. On the other hand the complete page invites a more nuanced reading of colonial encounters—and losers too.ReplyCancel

  • Gabriel - December 23, 2009 - 4:22 am

    Wow the detail & clarity – not only of the azulejos but other photos of beauty on the site – every palm frond, every blade of grass discernible. But most of all, the angle of the photography indicates an artist behind the camera.ReplyCancel

  • Shrikant Barve - November 17, 2009 - 8:04 pm

    Hararoj dekha, man kabhi bhara nahi, Ek bar dekha, trupt ho gaya.ReplyCancel

  • Albert Da Cruz - November 17, 2009 - 5:58 pm

    Very impressive indeed. It is said “a picture is worth a thousand words” Well done Rajan.

    The Azulejos were a useful propaganda tool to further the grandeur of Portugues rule in Goa.

    It is a fascinating story of the Women and children of sailors, at the mouth of the River Taurus in Lisbon who set sail for unknown land of fabulous wealth and grandeur. Note that this is a tale of the social structure then prevalent in Portugal when the King and the Church encourage the poor illiterate sailors to go forth at the risk of their lives.

    It is a tribute to the generosity of spirit shown by the people of Goa of the 15th century to receive the visitors to their shore with kindness and hospitality. Notice that after their long voyage they were dispirited, hungry and ridden with disease. However, this was not reciprocated by the invaders who came more to obtain silks and spices for their principals in Europe and carried out merciless murder of a highly cultured and generous people. No Jesuit or other of the many Church orders have left a tribute to the generosity of the Goan People. Perhaps the younger generation will address the void.

    Sadly the Church were co-sponsors of this endeavour and historian from the West have extolled the whole exercise as one of unparalled achievments of the time. Mario Miranda has depicted this wholesale destruction of the Buildings, and Institution in one of his social comentary cartoons.

    Hope that Mario’s cartoon will one day be transalated into permanent displays for the common people.

    One lives in Hope.

  • Tony de Sa - November 15, 2009 - 8:17 pm

    Rajan, the pictures are excellent and do you credit as an accomplished photographer.
    You do service to Goa by photographing the sights that may one day well disappear if the authorities decide to raze the building and put up a seven storied structure. You never can tell!ReplyCancel

  • Vinay - November 15, 2009 - 12:36 pm

    Great pictures. You should upload this on wikipedia or link it there.ReplyCancel

  • Sanjeev - November 15, 2009 - 10:16 am

    It is amazing how a tripod mounted camera can show you so much more than you see with your eye ! Great work Rajan. Also great service to Goa for archiving these works of art.ReplyCancel

  • JoeGoaUk - November 15, 2009 - 8:53 am

    I like the pic no. 1 above.
    So beautiful, clear and natural.

    As for the lady, Maria Fernandes in the pic above, we too see her loitering around that area. It also appears that she is very popular with the Panjim police Station, which is in the same builing behind Police HQ.


  • Arun - November 15, 2009 - 8:26 am

    Great stuff!ReplyCancel

  • jc - November 15, 2009 - 7:20 am

    Brilliantly captured. Credit not only to the lens but also the photographer.ReplyCancel

  • Bosco - November 15, 2009 - 6:36 am

    Fab stuff!! You make no mention whether you used a tripod and how long did you need to take these shots within the confines of the IMB.ReplyCancel