Rajan Parrikar Photo Blog

Goan Pão

Homage to a great Goan tradition.

Te poder gele ani te unde gele – Old Goan saying
(Gone are those legendary bakers and with them their loaves)

Growing up in the Goa we had no use for the alarm clock. Our wake-up call came at daybreak in the form of Ponk! Ponk!, the horn announcing the arrival of the neighborhood baker on his bicycle. Piping hot bread delivered to our doorstep was something we took for granted. It was part of being Goan. The tradition still continues, although the quality of bread has considerably diminished (to keep up with the Goan taste).

The art of breadmaking is a legacy vouchsafed Goans by the Portuguese. The Goan pão is (rather, was) a culinary masterpiece. Pão is Portuguese for bread, and the Goan breadmaker is known locally as poder, an adaptation of the Portuguese padeiro.

Breadmaking in Goa has for centuries been the province of the Catholic community. It is a family tradition handed down over generations with the entire clan involved in the operation. Every village has its own bakery or two where you may drop in unannounced, reel in your pão straight from the furnace, deposit money, and be on your way, all in a matter of a couple of minutes.

The three main varieties of Goan bread are the soft and chewy pão (cube), the crisp undo (round), and the poie (whole wheat pockets). The undo is delicious dipped in hot tea, but it goes especially well with xacuti. Another intriguing form is what is known as katricho pão (lit. scissored bread) where the dough is shaped with scissors. Then there is the kaknam (lit. bangles), rings of crusty bread, so called because they tinkle like glass bangles when fresh out of the oven. The practice of leavening dough with toddy has been retired, alas.

The occupation has come under stress in recent times with the changing social and economic patterns. See Dr. Nandkumar Kamat‘s tribute to the Goan poder.

In 2007, my wife Veena and I spent time at a couple of poders’, one in St Inez near Panjim and the other in Saligao. Following the photographs is a slideshow.

Goan pão

Goan pão
5D, 24-105L

Piping hot unde

Piping hot and crisp unde
5D, 24-105L

Katryache pão (scissored bread)

Demonstrating katriche pão (scissored bread)
5D, 24-105L

Finished <em>katriche pão</em>

Finished katriche pão
5D, 24-105L

Poie (whole wheat bread)

Goan poie (whole wheat pockets)
5D, 24-105L

Prepping for <em>poie</em>

Prepping for poie
5D, 24-105L

Out for delivery

Out for delivery
5D, 24-105L

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